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  • This man has 13 wives! Unbelievable, but all are pregnant at the same time!

    This man has set a world record. He has 13 women and all were pregnant at the same time and in the same month.

    But that’s not all, they all say they are happy and happy like one big family. All are happy and due to pregnancy and good are mutually consistent. All good talking each other and help each other.

    We know that is very surprising, but it’s true.

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  • What is Candidiasis?

    Candidiasis

    • Wide range of infections
    • Candida albicans is the most virulent species
    • Candida spp. are common organisms of the skin, GI and UG tracts.
    • Candidiasis is a disease of compromised hosts.

    Mucocutaneous (T CELL IMPAIRMENT)
    Systems affected:

    • GI tract, skin, vagina
    • Onychomycosis
    • Keratitis

    Symptoms: Odynophagia, stridor etc.
    Diagnosis: White pseudomembranous plaques with hyphae, pseudohyphae, and budding yeast.

    Direct smear of urine from a patient with candidiasis of the kidney showing C.albicans in mycelial or tissue with blastoconidia budding from the pseudohyphae

    Screening test for the identification of C.albicans.
    Production of germ tubes by C.albicans in serum or plasma after 2-3 hours incubation at 37 degree/Centigrade.

    > Groups at risk

    • HIV patients
    • Diabetics
    • Pregnancy
    • Age
    • Antibiotics
    • Steroids

    Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis – autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidosis ectodermal dystrophy
    • Inherited disorder of CMI to candida along with polyendocrinopathies
    • Intractable candida infection of the mucocutaneous areas
    • Concurrent adrenal insufficiency and hypoparathyroidism
    Type I diabetes

    • Hypothryroidism
    • Hypogonadism
    • Ectodermal dystrophy

    Deeply invasive Candidiasis (think CANCER)
    > Systems affected/ symptoms and signs:

    • Candidemia
    • Endocarditis – organism is sticky
    • Hepatosplenomegaly
    • Acute, shock-like syndrome
    • Renal dysfunction

    > At risk groups:  

    • Altered barriers
    • Neutropenia
    • Transplant
    • Hemodialysis

    > Pathogenesis

    • Adherence and colonization
    • Penetration through mucosal barriers and angioinvasions/access through catheters
    • Hematogenous spread
    • Replication yields necrosis +/- abscess with budding yeast and hyphae

    Look at the fundus!  Candida goes to the eyes!

    Virulence factors of Candida

    • Surface receptors
    • Cell wall is an immune modulator
    • Hydrolytic enzymes – e.g. acid protease, phospholipase
    • Host mimicry – e.g. C3D receptor
    • Dimorphism – makes it hardy!    >> Germ tube + species.

    Following are the examples of Candidiasis of some specific areas

    Angular Cheilitis an intertrigo and fissuring caused by maceration of the corners of the mouth is 
    frequently complicated by chronic infection with C.albicans.

    Interdigital Candidiasis of the hands may develop particularly in persons whose hands stay wet,
    especially with sugar solution or contact with flour.

    Interdigital candidiasis of the feet explain 1% of cases or athletes foot and must be distinguished from tinea pedis
    caused by dermatophytes

    Intertriginous or flexural candidiasis of the groin may also mimic tinea cruris caused by a dermatophyte.
    Note erythematous scaling lesions with distinctive border and several small satellite lesions.

    Intertriginous or flexural candidiasis behind the knee showing an extensive erythematous scaling lesion and several smaller satellite lesions caused by C.albic

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  • South Africa's 'Prophet of Doom' condemned

    A South Africa pastor who sprays his congregation with insecticide has been widely condemned.
    In a Facebook post, self-proclaimed prophet Lethebo Rabalago claims a pesticide called Doom can heal people.
    The company that produces Doom warned of the risks of spraying the substance, while a government commission urged anyone affected to lodge complaints.

    But the pastor has defended his actions, telling the BBC he is using unconventional methods to heal people.
    The country has seen a wave of practices where church members have been subjected to unorthodox rituals to receive healing.

    In photos circulating on Facebook and Twitter, Mr Rabalago, who runs the Mount Zion General Assembly in the Limpopo province, is seen spraying the insecticide directly into the eyes and various body parts of his congregants.

    He told the BBC's Nomsa Maseko in Johannesburg that he had sprayed the face of one woman because she had an eye infection and claimed the woman was "just fine because she believed in the power of God".
    He also claims the spray can heal cancer and HIV.

     

    "Doom is just a name, but when you speak to it to become a healing product, it does. People get healed and delivered through doom," a post on the church's Facebook account reads.
    Testimonies of people who have supposedly been healed by Doom have also been posted on the Facebook page.
    'Alarming practice'
    In another interview, posted on the eNCA website, the pastor is heard saying: "The truth is, Doom can heal people in the right way."

    The dangers of worshipping some South African preachers:

    Lesego Daniel, Rabboni Ministries
    The self-styled prophet in Pretoria instructed members of his congregation to drink petrol
    In 2014, Facebook images on the church's website also showed his followers eating grass and flowers on his orders
    Penuel Mnguni, End Times Disciples Ministries
    Dubbed "snake pastor" by local media


    The 25-year-old "man of God" reportedly started his church 2014 after training under Lesego Daniel.
    In 2015, Facebook images showed the self-proclaimed prophet feeding his members stones which he claimed to have turned into bread
    That same year, other images emerged of him feeding his followers snakes and rats, which they claimed had been turned into chocolate
    He has since been chased out of the Soshanguve, north of Pretoria, where his church was located
    Lethebo Rabalago, Mount Zion General Assembly

    Posted a photo on Facebook which showed what looked like a large speaker on top of a person lying face-up on the ground
    In another photo, he is seen sitting on the speaker while a person remains underneath
    In 2016, he is photographed spraying insecticide into the faces of his followers, saying it will heal them
    But Tiger Brands, the company that makes the product, says it finds the practice "alarming".
    "[We] want to make very clear that it is unsafe to spray Doom or any aerosol onto people's faces," the company said in a statement.
    "Doom has been formulated to kill specific insects which are detailed on the cans, and the packaging has very clear warnings which must be adhered to," the statement added.

    The company said it was trying to contact the pastor to ask him to stop the practice.
    Our correspondent reports that the government has set up a commission to investigate motives behind these practices.
    South Africa's Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities has also condemned the practice, which it says is "detrimental" to the well-being of people.

    "The CRL Rights Commission encourages everyone whose rights and beliefs have been violated to report such to the Commission," it said in a statement.

    Many social media users have condemned his antics.
    "It breaks my heart that our people are so desperate for change, they are so easily duped," Twitter user Boity Thulo wrote.

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  • What the 'ideal' female body looks like in 18 countries.

    Beauty is both biological and cultural — and one can argue that each ethnicity has its own “ideal” versions of beauty. For example, while the U.S. may place thin models on a pedestal, other countries view the plus-sized body as far more attractive.

    An online pharmacy called Superdrug Online Doctors aimed to explore these different cultural ideas of beauties and used the same photoshopped image of a woman to do so. The project, called Perceptions of Perfection, spans 18 countries — including Mexico, Peru, the Netherlands, and Ukraine — and used 18 designers to alter the original stock photo into what they believed their country's "ideal" version of beauty was. Click on the slideshow to see the results.

     

     

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